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Enfers

Stéphane Degout - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon

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With his ensemble Pygmalion, Raphaël Pichon has written the listing for this album in the form of a "pastiche" of a Mass for the Dead, a Requiem both sacred and profane. While it is a long way from having all the defining traits, it does possess all the outlines: Introit, Kyrie, Gradual, Sequence, Offertory, In Paradisum... The idea came about after a recent discovery, in the Bibliothèque Nationale of an anonymous requiem mass from the 18th century, in which the writer constructed a "parody" based on musical extracts from Castor and Pollux and the Fêtes de Paphos by Jean-Philippe Rameau. Note that the term "parody" doesn't necessarily imply satire or mockery: it refers to the practice of taking up older music and setting new words to it. This fusion of sacred music (the mass) and profane music (lyrical tragedy), a common practice during the Enlightenment, was a procedure that Pichon wanted to take up.

In French society at the time, when Catholicism was the norm, where the political system was monarchical rule by divine right, the representation of ancient pagan Hell on theatrical stages seemed to betray a fascination in the beliefs of the ancients. And so this programme melds together pagan fable with a Christian imaginary, where Hell takes on different faces. It is the place of unjust and eternal torment, a place of privation where a couple is separated, one half kept in Hades. But, in the lyrical tragedy, Hell is also a place of perdition: obscure forces unleashed in Sabbath rites, a Satanic vision which unearths the darkest depths of the human soul... Stéphane Degout is the author of this tragedy, bringing together such varied characters as Phaedra, Pluto, and the Parcae. The composers whose music is put to use are Rameau and Gluck, with a single borrowing from Rebel: it would have been a shame not to mention his singular Chaos (taken from Éléments), which starts with a dissonant chord containing the seven notes of the scale of D minor. © SM/Qobuz

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Enfers

Raphaël Pichon

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Zoroastre, RCT 62 (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

1
Act IV, Scene 6 : Ah ! Nos fureurs ne sont point vaines (La Vengeance)
Stéphane Degout
00:00:50

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (La Vengeance) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Les Élémens (Jean-Féry Rebel)

2
Chaos
Pygmalion
00:06:02

Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean-Féry Rebel, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Dardanus, RCT 35 (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

3
Act IV, Scene 4 : Voici les tristes lieux. Montre affreux (Anténor)
Pygmalion
00:03:51

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Anténor) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Messe de Requiem sur des thèmes de "Castor et Pollux" (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

4
Requiem æternam
Raphaël Pichon
00:03:06

Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Anonymous, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Iphigénie en Tauride, Wq. 46 (Christoph Willibald von Gluck)

5
Act II, Scenes 3 & 4 : Dieux ! Protecteurs de ces affreux rivages (Oreste)
Pygmalion
00:05:59

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Oreste) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Christoph Willibald Gluck, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Messe de Requiem sur des thèmes de "Castor et Pollux" (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

6
Kyrie eleison
Stéphane Degout
00:02:50

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Le Tragédien) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Anonymous, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Hippolyte et Aricie, RCT 43 (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

7
Act II, Scene 4 : Dieux ! Que d'infortunés gémissent en ces lieux ! (Thésée, Tisiphone [Deuxième Parque], les trois Parques)
Stéphane Degout
00:06:23

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Thésée) - Mathias Vidal, Taille (Première Parque) - Thomas Dolie, Basse-taille (Tisiphone, deuxième Parque) - Nicolas Courjal, Basse (Pluton, troisième Parque) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Les Surprises de l'amour, RCT 58 (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

8
Act II, Scene 8 : Loure
Raphaël Pichon
00:02:07

Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Armide, Wq. 45 (Christoph Willibald von Gluck)

9
Act IV, Scene 1 : Nous ne trouvons partout que des gouffres ouverts (Ubalde - Le Chevalier danois)
Pygmalion
00:02:43

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Ubalde, chevalier chrétien) - Stanislas de Barbeyrac, Taille (Le Chevalier danois) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Christoph Willibald Gluck, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Messe de Requiem sur des thèmes de "Castor et Pollux" (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

10
Domine Jesu Christe
Stéphane Degout
00:03:57

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Le Tragédien) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Anonymous, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Orphée et Eurydice, Wq. 30 (Christoph Willibald von Gluck)

11
Act II, Scene 1 : Sinfonie infernale. Air de furie
Pygmalion
00:01:50

Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Christoph Willibald Gluck, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Zoroastre, RCT 62 (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

12
Act IV, Scenes 5 & 6 : Épuisons le flanc des tristes victimes (Abramane) - Ministres, redoutés du plus puissant empire (Abramane, Érinice)
Pygmalion
00:02:09

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Abramane) - Emmanuelle de Negri, Dessus (Erinice) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

13
Act IV, Scene 5 : Air grave pour les Esprits infernaux
Raphaël Pichon
00:01:28

Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean-Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

14
Act IV, Scene 6 : Quel bonheur ! L'Enfer nous seconde (Abramane, Les Furies [choir])
Stéphane Degout
00:01:19

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Abramane) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Orphée et Eurydice, Wq. 30 (Christoph Willibald von Gluck)

15
Act II : Danse des Furies
Pygmalion
00:03:57

Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Christoph Willibald Gluck, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Hippolyte et Aricie, RCT 43 (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

16
Act II, Scene 5 : Vous, qui de l'avenir percez la nuit profonde (Pluton) - Quelle soudaine horreur (Trois Parques)
Nicolas Courjal
00:04:01

Nicolas Courjal, Basse (Pluton, troisième Parque) - Mathias Vidal, Taille (Première Parque) - Thomas Dolie, Basse-taille (Tisiphone, deuxième Parque) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

17
Act III, Scene 6 : Qu'ai-je appris ? Puissant maître des flots (Thésée)
Stéphane Degout
00:05:06

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Thésée) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Messe de Requiem sur des thèmes de "Castor et Pollux" (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

18
Hostias et preces tibi
Reinoud Van Mechelen
00:02:56

Reinoud Van Mechelen, Haute-contre - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Anonymous, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Hippolyte et Aricie, RCT 43 (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

19
Act IV, Scene 4 : Quelle plainte en ces lieux m'appelle ? (Phèdre - Choir)
BRUNET-GRUPPOSO Sylvie
00:04:14

Sylvie Brunet-Grupposo, Bas-dessus (Phèdre) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

20
Act V, Scene 2 : Je ne te verrai plus ! (Thésée)
Stéphane Degout
00:01:37

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Thésée) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Orphée et Eurydice, Wq. 30 (Christoph Willibald von Gluck)

21
Act II, Scene 2 : Ballet des Ombres heureuses
Pygmalion
00:03:04

Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Christoph Willibald Gluck, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Messe de Requiem sur des thèmes de "Castor et Pollux" (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

22
Requiem æternam
Stéphane Degout
00:03:16

Stéphane Degout, Basse-taille (Le Tragédien) - Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Anonymous, Composer - Editions Nicolas Sceaux, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Les Boréades, RCT 31 (Jean-Philippe Rameau)

23
Act IV, Scene 4 : Entrée de Polymnie
Raphaël Pichon
00:05:32

Pygmalion - Raphaël Pichon, Conductor - Jean Philippe Rameau, Composer - Alain Villain, Paris, MusicPublisher

harmonia mundi harmonia mundi

Album Description

With his ensemble Pygmalion, Raphaël Pichon has written the listing for this album in the form of a "pastiche" of a Mass for the Dead, a Requiem both sacred and profane. While it is a long way from having all the defining traits, it does possess all the outlines: Introit, Kyrie, Gradual, Sequence, Offertory, In Paradisum... The idea came about after a recent discovery, in the Bibliothèque Nationale of an anonymous requiem mass from the 18th century, in which the writer constructed a "parody" based on musical extracts from Castor and Pollux and the Fêtes de Paphos by Jean-Philippe Rameau. Note that the term "parody" doesn't necessarily imply satire or mockery: it refers to the practice of taking up older music and setting new words to it. This fusion of sacred music (the mass) and profane music (lyrical tragedy), a common practice during the Enlightenment, was a procedure that Pichon wanted to take up.

In French society at the time, when Catholicism was the norm, where the political system was monarchical rule by divine right, the representation of ancient pagan Hell on theatrical stages seemed to betray a fascination in the beliefs of the ancients. And so this programme melds together pagan fable with a Christian imaginary, where Hell takes on different faces. It is the place of unjust and eternal torment, a place of privation where a couple is separated, one half kept in Hades. But, in the lyrical tragedy, Hell is also a place of perdition: obscure forces unleashed in Sabbath rites, a Satanic vision which unearths the darkest depths of the human soul... Stéphane Degout is the author of this tragedy, bringing together such varied characters as Phaedra, Pluto, and the Parcae. The composers whose music is put to use are Rameau and Gluck, with a single borrowing from Rebel: it would have been a shame not to mention his singular Chaos (taken from Éléments), which starts with a dissonant chord containing the seven notes of the scale of D minor. © SM/Qobuz

Details of original recording : Recorded Décember 2016, Paris (Église Notre-Dame du Liban)

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