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Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim|Richter: 6 Symphonies, Op. 2

Richter: 6 Symphonies, Op. 2

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Johannes Moesus

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Franz Xaver Richter shares the honors with Johann Stamitz as one of the founding figures of the Mannheim school and the famous court orchestra of Prince Elector Carl Theodor of the Palatinate. Richter joined this renowned ensemble in 1747, serving as a composer, violinist, and bassist. His works combine Baroque stylistic features with elements of the style galant, and he numbered among the masters of the Mannheim school who made very important contributions to the beginnings of the early classical symphony.

While Johann Stamitz, Ignaz Holzbauer, and Anton Fils, drawing on ideas of Italian provenance, shaped the new musical language of what came to be known as the Mannheim school, Richter’s own comparatively conservative view of music was an obstacle to his advancement.

His collection of Six Symphonies Op. 2 dedicated to Prince Elector Carl Theodor was printed by the publisher Johann Julius Hummel in Amsterdam in 1759. All six symphonies have three movements, and in these works Richter generally adhered to the model established by the opera sinfonia. Only the fourth symphony in this collection forms an exception in that Richter has a minuet with a trio in the last position instead of a presto.

Despite some backward-looking tendencies, Richter was not at all an enemy of progress – but just the opposite: he was the first "Mannheimer" to publish string quartets. This recording of the symphonies is based on the editions prepared at the research center for the study of Southwest German court music at the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. © CPO

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Richter: 6 Symphonies, Op. 2

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim

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Symphony in D Major, Op. 2 No. 1 (Franz Xaver Richter)

1
I. Allegro spiritoso
00:02:55

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

2
II. Andantino grazioso
00:03:02

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

3
III. Presto
00:01:26

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

Symphony in F Major, Op. 2 No. 2 (Franz Xaver Richter)

4
I. Adagio con brio
00:02:43

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

5
II. Andantino affettuoso
00:03:48

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

6
III. Presto
00:02:30

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

Symphony in C Major, Op. 2 No. 3 (Franz Xaver Richter)

7
I. Allegro con spirito
00:05:20

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

8
II. Andantino
00:02:20

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

9
III. Presto ma non tanto
00:03:26

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

Symphony in E-Flat Major, Op. 2 No. 4 (Franz Xaver Richter)

10
I. Allegro maestoso
00:05:35

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

11
II. Andante grazioso
00:04:30

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

12
III. Menuetto - Trio - Menuetto da capo
00:03:23

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

Symphony in G Major, Op. 2 No. 5 (Franz Xaver Richter)

13
I. Allegro con brio
00:02:26

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

14
II. Andantino
00:03:28

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

15
III. Vivace
00:02:06

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

Symphony in D Major, Op. 2 No. 6 (Franz Xaver Richter)

16
I. Allegro spiritoso
00:02:26

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

17
II. Andantino grazioso
00:03:40

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

18
III. Presto
00:02:17

Südwestdeutsches Kammerorchester Pforzheim, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Moesus, Conductor, MainArtist - Franz Xaver Richter, Composer

(C) 2022 CPO (P) 2022 CPO

Album Description

Franz Xaver Richter shares the honors with Johann Stamitz as one of the founding figures of the Mannheim school and the famous court orchestra of Prince Elector Carl Theodor of the Palatinate. Richter joined this renowned ensemble in 1747, serving as a composer, violinist, and bassist. His works combine Baroque stylistic features with elements of the style galant, and he numbered among the masters of the Mannheim school who made very important contributions to the beginnings of the early classical symphony.

While Johann Stamitz, Ignaz Holzbauer, and Anton Fils, drawing on ideas of Italian provenance, shaped the new musical language of what came to be known as the Mannheim school, Richter’s own comparatively conservative view of music was an obstacle to his advancement.

His collection of Six Symphonies Op. 2 dedicated to Prince Elector Carl Theodor was printed by the publisher Johann Julius Hummel in Amsterdam in 1759. All six symphonies have three movements, and in these works Richter generally adhered to the model established by the opera sinfonia. Only the fourth symphony in this collection forms an exception in that Richter has a minuet with a trio in the last position instead of a presto.

Despite some backward-looking tendencies, Richter was not at all an enemy of progress – but just the opposite: he was the first "Mannheimer" to publish string quartets. This recording of the symphonies is based on the editions prepared at the research center for the study of Southwest German court music at the Heidelberg Academy of Sciences. © CPO

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