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Plastikman

Plastikman is the most influential and revered alias of Richie Hawtin, a DJ, producer, and label owner who helped establish the template for minimal techno during the early 1990s and continued refining it throughout the course of his extensive career. Using gear that was thought to be obsolete at the time, Hawtin combined lean percussion and equally spare acid lines into haunting techno anthems that kicked with more than enough power for the dancefloor while diverting headphone listeners as well. Pounding, acid-tinged releases like 1993's Sheet One gave way to the dubbed-out echo-chamber isolationism of 1998's Consumed, with headstrong techno as F.U.S.E. and a series of reductionist singles as Concept 1 arriving in between. Having already made a seismic impact on techno with his Plus 8 label, Hawtin established M_nus and moved to Berlin, minimal techno's world capital. While the Plastikman project has been less prolific during the 21st century than it was in the '90s, Hawtin has returned to it for projects such as 2014's EX, a set recorded at the Guggenheim Museum in New York, and 2022's Consumed in Key, Chilly Gonzales' rework of the 1998 Plastikman full-length. While original Detroit technocrats like Juan Atkins and Derrick May were changing the face of electronic music in the mid-'80s, Hawtin was growing up across the river in Windsor, Ontario. A British native born in 1970, he moved to Canada with his family at the age of nine. Introduced to '70s electronic/minimalist pioneers Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream by his father (who was a robotics engineer for General Motors), Hawtin began DJing at the age of 17 -- as DJ Richie Rich -- and soon landed gigs at Detroit hot spots like the Shelter and the famed Music Institute, home to all-night club sessions by May and Kevin Saunderson. Though many of Motown's innovators were skeptical of the skinny white Canadian, Hawtin's formation of Plus 8 Records helped deflect much of the criticism. Hawtin and Plus 8's co-founder, John Acquaviva, began working together in 1989, originally to make a Derrick May megamix for use on the radio; they later emerged from Acquaviva's studio with several original recordings. The duo issued one single, "Elements of Tone," as the first release on Plus 8 Records (credited to States of Mind), and sat back while many in the techno world puzzled over who was responsible. The label's later releases -- by Kenny Larkin, Jochem Paap (aka Speedy J), and Mark Gage (aka Vapourspace), in addition to various Hawtin/Acquaviva projects -- made the label famous for laboratory-precise techno based on slowly evolving and shifting acid lines. The aggressive sound matched the work of the label/artist collective Underground Resistance as the best techno to come out of the Detroit area in the early '90s, thanks to a slow down in the work of past masters Atkins, May, and Saunderson. At the same time, demand grew for Hawtin's excellent acid-inspired DJing. The Plastikman project debuted in 1993 with two releases for Plus 8: the seminal "Spastik" single and an album, Sheet One, which introduced one of techno's most recognizable logos and achieved a degree of notoriety for its acid blotter-style perforated artwork. Hawtin's first wide release, however, came with the alter ego F.U.S.E. (short for Further Underground Subsonic Experiments). A more varied and melodic project than Plastikman (but not by much), F.U.S.E. released the album Dimension Intrusion for British Warp Records in late 1993. As part of the label's Artificial Intelligence series, Dimension Intrusion was also licensed to Wax Trax!/TVT for release in America. (Hawtin joined such ambient-techno heroes as the Aphex Twin, Black Dog, Autechre, and B12, all receiving their wide-issue debuts.) Later, NovaMute signed an agreement with Plus 8 and another Hawtin-founded label, Probe. The Recycled Plastik EP appeared in 1994, followed by the second Plastikman LP, Musik. Much more restrained than Sheet One, the album fit in well with the growing ambient-techno movement, and capped a two-year run of crucial releases by Hawtin. That impressive schedule was shattered in 1995, when Hawtin was entangled in difficulties resulting from a sudden crackdown on his usual procedure of crossing the American border to perform. Refused entrance for more than a year, he lost his inspirational grounding with the Detroit scene and found it difficult to continue recording for his third Plastikman album, Klinik. While he waited for re-entry, Hawtin continued to DJ around the world. Though he recorded scattered singles for Plus 8 and related imprints, his only full-length release that year was an excellent entry in the Mixmag Live! series, taken from a DJ set recorded at the Building in Windsor. By the time he was able to return to America, he had changed his musical direction and eventually abandoned the Klinik album. Hawtin returned to his release schedule in 1996; during each month of the year, he issued a completely unadorned single recorded as Concept 1 (some were later collected on Concept 1 96:CD, mixed by Hawtin). Desperately minimal works, even compared to his earlier material, the singles showed Hawtin's reaction to the new school of barely there techno coming from German labels like Basic Channel, Chain Reaction, Profan, and Studio 1 -- all of them originally influenced in no small way by Plastikman recordings. Finally, in early 1998, he released his third Plastikman LP, Consumed, which proved to be just as brutally shadowed as the Concept 1 material. The continued experimentalist direction showed Hawtin coming full circle, back to his position on the leading edge of intelligent techno. Many of the unreleased Klinik recordings surfaced in late 1998 on the compilation Artifakts [BC]. Much of the next decade found Hawtin busy with other projects and pursuits, living in New York shortly before moving to Berlin in 2003 to focus on his M_nus label. Fifth Plastikman full-length, the same year's Closer, was the first to feature Hawtin's vocals prominently in the mix. 2011 saw the release of Arkives: 1993 - 2010, an extensive collection of the complete Plastikman discography and lots of unreleased material as well. In November 2013, Hawtin was invited by Belgian fashion designer Raf Simons to perform at New York's Guggenheim Museum for their annual fundraiser, an event that saw a Plastikman set performed around a specially constructed LED obelisk. The experience inspired Hawtin to complete work on a new Plastikman album, and the quickly realized EX saw release in June of 2014. Hawtin released From My Mind to Yours, featuring tracks credited to nearly all of his monikers, in 2015. The album was issued by Plus 8 in celebration of its 25th anniversary. Active with several other ventures, from a sake brand to a technology company, Hawtin established the From Our Minds imprint in 2020, and returned to the Plastikman project with a series of pieces recorded for online runway shows by fashion designer Prada. After Chilly Gonzales heard Consumed for the first time, following its 20th anniversary, he decided to make a reaction record, adding his piano accompaniment to the album's cavernous beats and atmospheric textures. Consumed in Key was released by Tiga's Turbo label in 2022.
© John Bush & Paul Simpson /TiVo

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