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While the more conventional forms of hard rock and metal took over the charts, a defensive reaction took place, which resulted in less and less moderate forms, creating styles that only the initiated are able to distinguish.See more
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Machine Head, Producer, Mixer, MainArtist - Robert Flynn, Composer, Lyricist - Adam Duce, Composer - Colin Richardson, Producer, Mixer - Logan Mader, Composer - Chris Kontos, Composer
1994 The All Blacks B.V. 1994 The All Blacks B.V.
Corey Taylor, Producer, Lead Vocals, Writer - Steve Richards, MixingEngineer, ExecutiveProducer - Mike Fraser, Engineer - Joey Jordison, Producer, Drums, Additional Vocals, Writer - George Marino, MasteringEngineer - Paul Gray, Producer, Bass Guitar, Backing Vocals, Writer - Ross Robinson, Producer - ANDY WALLACE, MixingEngineer - Steve Sisco, AssistantEngineer - Slipknot, MainArtist - Chris Fehn, Producer, Percussion, Backing Vocals, Writer - Craig Jones, Producer, Keyboards, Writer - Sid Wilson, Producer, Writer, Turntables - Jim Root, Producer, Guitar, Writer - Mick Thomson, Producer, Guitar, Writer - Shawn "Clown" Crahan, Producer, Percussion, Backing Vocals, Writer
© 2001 The All Blacks U.S.A., Inc. ℗ 2001 The All Blacks U.S.A., Inc.
Candlemass, Artist, MainArtist - Leif Edling, Composer, Author
2005 Nuclear Blast 2005 Nuclear Blast
Saint Vitus, MainArtist - Season of Mist Publishing, MusicPublisher
(C) 2012 Season of Mist (P) 1995 Vitus Media
Trouble, Main Artist - Bruce Franklin / Eric Wagner / Rick Wartell, Composer, Lyricist - Copyright Control
1995 & 2006 Trouble INC, exclusive license for FRWmusic 2013 Trouble Inc
(C) 2009 Listenable Records (P) 2009 Listenable Records
Gojira, Composer, Lyricist, Writer, MainArtist - Joseph Duplantier, Arranger - Mario Duplantier, Arranger
© 2016 Roadrunner Records ℗ 2016 Roadrunner Records, Inc.
Morbid Angel, MainArtist
© 2017 Silver Lining Music Ltd. ℗ 2017 Silver Lining Music Ltd.
(C) 2014 Relapse Records (P) 2014 Relapse Records Inc.
Emperor, MainArtist - Tomas Thormodsaeter Haugen, Producer, Guitar, AssociatedPerformer - Vegard Sverre ‘Ihsahn’ Tveitan, Producer, Vocals, AssociatedPerformer, ComposerLyricist - Kai Johnny 'Trym Torson' Mosaker, Drums, AssociatedPerformer - Eirik 'Pytten' Hundvin, Producer - Jonas "Alver" Alver, Bass Guitar, AssociatedPerformer
℗ 1997 Tanglade Ltd t/a Candlelight Records
Philip Hansen Anselmo, Writer - Vinnie Paul, Drums, Co-Producer, Writer, Mixing Engineer - Pantera, MainArtist - Howie Weinberg, Mastering Engineer - Doug Sax, Mastering Engineer - Philip Anselmo, Co-Producer, Vocals - TERRY DATE, Producer, Mixing Engineer - DiMebag Darrell, Producer, Guitar, Co-Producer, Writer - Rex Rocker, Writer - Rex "Rocker" Brown, Bass Guitar, Co-Producer
© 1992 Atlantic Recording Corporation for the United States and WEA International Inc. for the world outside of the United States. ℗ 1992 Atlantic Recording Corporation for the United States and WEA International Inc. for the world outside of the United States.
Sepultura, MainArtist - Igor Cavalera, Drums, Percussion, Writer - Andreas Kisser, 12 String Guitar, Lead Guitar - Simon Dawson, AssistantEngineer - George Marino, MasteringEngineer - ANDY WALLACE, Producer, MixingEngineer - MAX CAVALERA, Guitar, Vocals, Writer - Paulo Pinto Jr, Writer - Steve Remote, RecordingEngineer - Andreas Kisser / Igor Cavalera / Derrick Green, Writer - Paulo Pinto Jr., Bass - Dave Somers, AssistantEngineer
© 1993 The All Blacks B.V. Issued under license to Roadrunner Records from The All Blacks B.V. ℗ 1993 The All Blacks B.V. issued under license to Roadrunner Records from The All Blacks B.V. 2017 Remastered Rhino Entertainment
Kurt Cobain, Producer - Dale, Drums, Vocals - Melvins, Writer, MainArtist - King Buzzo, Guitar, Vocals - Lorax, Bass Guitar
© 1993 Atlantic Recording Corporation for the United States and WEA International Inc. for the world outside of the United States. ℗ 1993 Atlantic Recording Corporation for the United States and WEA International Inc. for the world outside of the United States.
Dimmu Borgir, MainArtist
2008 © 1996, Cacophonous 2008 ℗ 1996, Cacophonous
STEVE ROSENTHAL, Producer - Dave Wyndorf, Producer - Monster Magnet, MainArtist, ComposerLyricist
℗ 1995 A&M Records
White Zombie, Producer, MainArtist - Rob Zombie, ComposerLyricist - TERRY DATE, Producer, Mixer, Engineer, Recording Engineer, StudioPersonnel - ULRICH WILD, Engineer, Recording Engineer, StudioPersonnel - Wade Norton, Asst. Recording Engineer, StudioPersonnel - Jay Noel Yuenger, Composer - Shauna Iseult Reynolds, Composer - John Tempesta, Composer - Lamont Hyde, Assistant Mixer, StudioPersonnel
℗ 1995 Geffen Records
Faith No More, MainArtist - John Golden, Mastering Engineer - Matt Wallace, Producer, Engineer, Mixing Engineer - Billy Gould, Producer, Bass Guitar, Writer - Mike Bordin, Producer, Drums, Writer - Roddy Bottum, Producer, Keyboards, Writer - Mike Patton, Producer, Vocals, Writer - Craig Doubet, Assistant Engineer - David Bryson, Mixing Engineer - James Martin, Producer, Guitar, Writer - Adam Muñoz, Assistant Engineer - Gibbs Chapman, Assistant Engineer - Lindsay Valentine, Assistant Engineer - Nikki Tafrallin, Assistant Engineer
© 1992 Slash Records, a label of Warner Records Inc. ℗ 1992 Slash Records
Architects, Associated Performer, Main Artist - Not Documented, Producer - Thomas Searle, Author, Composer
(P) 2012 Century Media Records Ltd.
Betraying the Martyrs, MainArtist
© 2017 Sumerian Records ℗ 2016 Sumerian Records
Power Trip, MainArtist
(C) 2016 Southern Lord Recordings (P) 2016 Southern Lord Recordings
The Obsessed, MainArtist, MusicPublisher
(C) 2017 Relapse Records (P) 2017 Relapse Records Inc.
Chris Fielding, Mixer, Recording Engineer, StudioPersonnel - Electric Wizard, MainArtist - Liam Watson, Recording Engineer, StudioPersonnel - Mark Greening, Drums, Hammond Organ, Percussion, AssociatedPerformer - Justin Oborn, Producer, Guitar, Bass Guitar, Vocals, Recording Engineer, Mellotron, AssociatedPerformer, StudioPersonnel, ComposerLyricist - Elizabeth Buckingham, Guitar, AssociatedPerformer, ComposerLyricist
℗ 2014 Spinefarm Records
(C) 2018 Relapse Records Inc. (P) 2018 Relapse Records Inc.
Rick Rubin, Producer - Glenn Danzig, ComposerLyricist - Danzig, MainArtist
℗ 1988 American Recordings, LLC
Krisiun, Associated Performer, Author, Composer, Main Artist - Erik Rutan, Producer
(P) 2015 Century Media Records, Ltd.
Maurizio Iacono, Composer, Lyricist - Kataklysm, MainArtist - Jean Francois Dagenais, Composer - Stephane Barbe, Composer - Oli Beaudoin, Composer
2018 Nuclear Blast 2018 Nuclear Blast
(C) 2017 Season of Mist (P) 2017 Season of Mist
King Diamond, MainArtist - K. Petersen, Composer, Writer - M. Denner, Composer, Writer
© 1986 Metal Blade Records, Inc. ℗ 1986 Metal Blade Records, Inc.
Meshuggah, Artist, MainArtist - Tomas Haake, Composer, Author - Fredrik Thordendal, Composer - Marten Hagström, Composer
2014 Nuclear Blast 2014 Nuclear Blast
Meshuggah, Artist, MainArtist - Tomas Haake, Author - Fredrik Thordendal, Composer - Marten Hagström, Composer
2014 Nuclear Blast 2014 Nuclear Blast
Primordial, MainArtist - Crushing Skulls Music (ASCAP) Administered by BMG Chrysalis, MusicPublisher
(C) 2016 Metal Blade Records, Inc. (P) 2016 Metal Blade Records, Inc.
Goatwhore, MainArtist - Sixty To Zero Music LLC, MusicPublisher
(C) 2017 Metal Blade Records, Inc. (P) 2017 Metal Blade Records, Inc.
Deafheaven, MainArtist - Domino Music Publishing, MusicPublisher - George Lesage Clarke, Writer - Kerry Dylan McCoy, Writer - Jack Shirley, Producer, Mixer, Engineer
2015 Deafheaven, under exclusive license to Anti, Inc. 2015 Deafheaven, under exclusive license to Anti, Inc.
(C) 2017 Enslavedunion DA (P) 2017 By Norse Music
Incantation, MainArtist, MusicPublisher
(C) 2017 Relapse Records (P) 2017 Relapse Records Inc.
The Obsessed, MainArtist
(C) 2017 Relapse Records Inc. (P) 2017 Relapse Records Inc.
Meshuggah, Artist, MainArtist - Tomas Haake, Composer, Author - Dick Lövgren, Composer
2016 Nuclear Blast 2016 Nuclear Blast
Black Lord, MainArtist
(C) 2016 Tribulacion Productions (P) 2016 Tribulacion Productions
While the more conventional forms of hard rock and metal took over the charts, a defensive reaction took place, which resulted in less and less moderate forms, creating styles that only the initiated are able to distinguish.
The Golden Age of American Death Metal
by Clément Bruni
An often rejected, parodied and misinterpreted sub-genre of metal, the fierce death metal has nevertheless succeeded in garnering a significant following over the decades. Arriving in the 80s, the genre continues to evolve; from its early pursuit of the ultra-violent to its more recent incorporation of aspects from more mainstream genres. Let us look back at the origins of death metal.
This was in part due to the nature of death metal itself. Its violent sound, inhumane vocals and raw, morbid iconography disturbed some. Godflesh’s video, approved by Columbia and initially meant to be broadcast on MTV, was never shown due to its strong religious connotations that the channel discerned offensive. In 1991, Earache fell victim to the Obscene Publication Act, a law originally intended to forbid all obscene writing that held the possibility of “depraving or corrupting the reader”. Albums by Carcass, Cadaver and Filthy Christians were seized by the police in the label’s locality as their covers were deemed offensive. Sales of a record by Swedish group Dismember were also banned in England due to the lyrics in the song Skin her Alive! Legal action was taken, and covered by the musical press, which amounted to a victory for distributors.
What’s more, disagreements arose within groups with regard to what musical direction the bands would follow. Interviews that follow the development of Carcass’ album Swansong and Napalm Death’s Fear Emptiness Despair are rather representative of such quarrels. Indeed, all the inertia surrounding the movement since its conception in 1983 was based on the frantic pursuit of speed and sonic aggression. Once these goals were achieved and pushed as far as they could go, the question of where the genre would head next arose in an evident and direct manner.
And so, the mid-90s marked an important milestone in the history of the genre, with the end of the original death metal. Responses to how the genre would move on from there musically varied from group to group. Some groups continued to push virtuosity and aggression a little further, some continued their journey in search of innovation, while others continue to remodel themselves by means of merging with other more mainstream genres. Such has notably been the case with the Swedish scene, which appeared slightly after the American scene, and will be known as much for its origins as its musical style.
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