Nicolai Gedda -- possessor of one of the widest-ranging repertoires ever, phenomenal technique, and a bright, resonant voice with clarion high notes and a seductive mezza voice -- had one of the finest singing careers of the 20th century. He excelled in music of English, French, German, Italian, Russian, American, and Swedish composers, and was equally adept in traversing styles from the Baroque to the contemporary; he was as noted a performer of oratorio and songs as of opera. His performances were masterpieces of authentic style, from language and diction to phrasing. While performing Samuel Barber's Vanessa, in which he created the role of Anatol, critics consistently acclaimed his diction as the finest in the cast, even though he shared the stage with Rosalind Elias and Eleanor Steber -- both native speakers of English. Gedda's father was Russian, his mother Swedish, and in 1929 his parents moved to Leipzig, where his father became cantor and choirmaster of a Russian Orthodox Church. As a child he sang in the church and performed Russian songs at weddings and parties. Having no wish to remain in Germany as the Nazi party rose to power, the family returned to Sweden in 1934. As a teenager, he developed a strong ambition to become an opera singer, but unable to come up with the money to fund his studies, he became a bank teller, though he continued to participate in singing competitions. A wealthy bank client who was also an instrumentalist with the Stockholm Opera happened to hear Gedda mention his aspirations, and asked Karl-Martin Oehmann, a music teacher who had himself been an operatic tenor, to take him on as a pupil. Gedda later credited the development of his spectacular technique to Oehmann's teaching. Shortly thereafter, he won the Christine Nielsson Scholarship, which enabled him to begin music studies at the Stockholm Conservatory as a full time pupil in 1950. In 1952, Gedda's recording and performing careers began simultaneously. Walter Legge, the famous producer for EMI, was in Sweden, and agreed to audition some of the students. He was immediately bowled over by Gedda's voice, musicianship, and technique; given that Gedda spoke fluent Russian, he signed him on the spot to take on the role of Dmitri in his upcoming recording of Boris Godunov, starring Boris Christoff -- all despite the fact that Gedda had yet to make his stage debut (which came only a short time later, in a production of Adolphe Adam's Le Postillon de Lonjumeau)! This began a lifelong association with EMI. He made his La Scala debut in the 1952-1953 season as Don Ottavio (Mozart's Don Giovanni), and Carl Orff asked him to create the role of the Bridegroom in Il Trionfo dell'Afrodite; his Paris Opera debut in 1954 was as Huon in Weber's Oberon, and his Covent Garden debut in 1954 was as the Duke of Mantua. These were soon followed by debuts at Salzburg (Don Ottavio, 1957) and the Metropolitan Opera (Faust). His life-long association with EMI made him one of the most widely-recorded tenors, though in the compact disc era, EMI had been rather dilatory in re-releasing many of his recordings.
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Opera - Released January 1, 1958 | BnF Collection
Classical - Released January 1, 2006 | Archipel - Walhall
Archipel Records' Nicolai Gedda: The Early Records 1952-1956 is exactly that; selections taken from early EMI LP records made during such a period, heavily gated, filtered, and de-clicked. Its contents are practically identical to the first disc of U.K. EMI's three-disc set Great Moments of Nicolai Gedda, minus an additional Boris Godunov excerpt, arias from Rimsky-Korsakov's May Night, and Adolphe Adam's Le Postillon de Lumanjeau and with the aria from Rousseau's Le devin au village that begins the second disc in EMI's set tacked onto the end. This reflects the point of origin; tracks 1-12 represent the first LP Gedda made for Walter Legge, and the remaining tracks are drawn from sets of operas, whereas the added material on Great Moments of Nicolai Gedda are from outtakes in the EMI vault and, in the case of the Adam, a live recording. While this is not an illegal reissue -- the limit in Europe for copyright on recordings is 50 years, and all but the Rousseau is well past that milestone -- it is an inferior one. If there was anything on it that was truly unique, Archipel would go out of its way to make you notice. Nevertheless, this package bears not a word of liner notes, and both the dates and backup forces indicated inside clearly establish these tracks as already well-known, long-available EMI studio recordings. While Great Moments of Nicolai Gedda may not be the most easily located of EMI's box sets devoted to opera stars, it is modestly priced, and will get you everything that's on here in the best sound possible, not to mention a heck of a lot more in terms of great Gedda drawn from his entire recording career. If you are genuinely interested in hearing the early recordings of this great tenor, then you owe it to yourself not to be taken in by Archipel's Nicolai Gedda: The Early Records 1952-1956. © TiVo
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