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René Jacobs - Beethoven: Leonore

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Beethoven: Leonore

Freiburger Barockorchester and René Jacobs

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Created in 1804 in Vienna before an audience of French officers, none of whom understood any German, Beethoven’s only opera, Leonore, was not successful. Based on a true story which took place during the Reign of Terror of the French Revolution -- the story of an intrepid young woman who dresses up as a man in an attempt to rescue her husband, a victim of arbitrary arrest and imprisoned in a dark cell -- Beethoven took his inspiration from several sources. The story, very in keeping with the troubled times, was indeed put to music in 1798 by the French composer Pierre Gaveaux from a libretto by Nicolas Bouilly, then again a little while later in Italian, in 1804 in a smaller-scale work by Ferdinando Paër. The Italian-German composer Simon Mayr then created a “sentimental farce” in Padua not long after Beethoven’s Leonore.

Having dreamed of a tragically utopian level of universal human fraternity his whole life, as well as the image of a couple whose relationship is ideally based on marriage and loyalty, Beethoven had found a story which perfectly corresponded to his own political opinions, formed as a result of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution (before the emergence of Napoleon’s power). We now know that he reworked this lyrical work twice, turning it into the format we know it as today with its new name Fidelio.

For René Jacobs, the original 1804 version is preferable to the successive amendments and deletions which were made. And we can’t blame him for this, his new recording highlighting all the beauty and modernity of this unfortunately destined first version of Leonore. In 1804, Beethoven has all his resources at his disposal: it’s the year of the Eroica symphony and the Appassionata sonata. By means of his directorial verve, his acute sense of theatrics and a distinguishably well-chosen cast, René Jacobs does this original version of Leonore justice in all its wonder, with all the delights which Beethoven, worried about being portrayed at the opera, ruthlessly scored from his work. © François Hudry/Qobuz

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Beethoven: Leonore

René Jacobs

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1
Leonore, Op. 72a: Ouverture (II)
00:11:51

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

2
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Dial. 1 „Ich liebe dich, so wie du mich" (Marzelline, Jaquino) (1805 version)
00:01:57

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

3
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Nr. 1. Arie „O wär' ich schon mit dir vereint" (Marzelline) (1805 version)
00:03:20

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

4
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Dial. 2 „Ich komme zu gar nichts mehr!" (Marzelline, Rocco, Jaquino) (1805 version)
00:00:35

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

5
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Nr. 2. Duett „Jetzt, Schätzchen, jetzt sind wir allein" (Jaquino, Marzelline) (1805 version)
00:03:58

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

6
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Erster Auftritt - Zweiter Auftritt: Dial. 3 „Nein, nein und nochmals nein" (Marzelline, Jaquino) - „Schon wieder Krach, ihr Beiden?" (Rocco, Marzelline, Jaquino) (1805 version)
00:01:57

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

7
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt: Nr. 3. Terzett „Ein Mann ist bald genommen" (Rocco, Jaquino, Marzelline) (1805 version)
00:02:59

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

8
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt - Dritter Auftritt: Dial. 4 „Ist Fidelio noch immer nicht zurück, Marzelline?" (Rocco, Jaquino, Marzelline) - „Das hat ewig gedauert" (Marzelline, Rocco, Leonore) (1805 version)
00:01:20

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

9
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: Nr. 4. Quartett „Mir ist so wunderbar" (Marzelline, Leonore, Rocco, Jaquino) (1805 version)
00:03:27

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

10
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: Dial. 5 „Es ist klar, sie liebt mich" (Leonore, Rocco, Marzelline) (1805 version)
00:00:45

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

11
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: Nr. 5. Arie „Hat man nicht auch Gold beineben" (Rocco) (1805 version)
00:02:30

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

12
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: Dial. 6 „Es ist ein mächtig Ding: Das Gold!" (Marzelline, Leonore, Rocco) (1805 version)
00:01:49

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

13
Leonore, Op. 72a, Erster Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: Nr. 6. Terzett „Gut, Söhnchen, gut" (Rocco, Leonore, Marzelline) (1805 version)
00:06:23

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

14
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug: Tarpeja, WoO 2b. Alla marcha, ma non troppo presto
00:01:33

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

15
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Dial. 8 „Hauptmann, ich will drei Schildwachen auf dem Wall" (Pizarro, Hauptmann, Rocco) (1805 version)
00:01:33

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Johannes Weisser, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist - Matthias Klosinski, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

16
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Nr. 8. Arie mit Chor „Ha! Welch ein Augenblick!" (Pizarro, Die Wachen) (1805 version)
00:03:03

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Weisser, Soloist, MainArtist - Zürcher Sing-Akademie, Choir, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

17
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Dial. 9 „Hauptmann, kommen Sie!" (Pizarro, Hauptmann, Rocco) (1805 version)
00:00:43

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Johannes Weisser, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist - Matthias Klosinski, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

18
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Nr. 9. Duett „Jetzt, Alter, jetzt hat es Eile!" (Pizarro, Rocco) (1805 version)
00:04:45

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Weisser, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

19
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt: Dial. 10 „Ich bin zu feige, ihr die Wahrheit zu sagen" (Leonore, Marzelline) (1805 version)
00:00:46

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

20
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt: Nr. 10. Duett „Um in der Ehe froh zu lebe" (Marzelline, Leonore) (1805 version)
00:05:09

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

21
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt - Dritter Auftritt: Dial. 11 „Komm Fidelio, wir gehen spazieren" (Marzelline, Leonore) - „Wie grausam, dieses liebenswürdige Mädchen" (Leonore) (1805 version)
00:02:07

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

22
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: Nr. 11. Rezitativ und Arie „Ach, brich noch nicht, du mattes Herz!" (Leonore) (1805 version)
00:07:28

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

DISC 2

1
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: Nr. 12. Finale „O, welche Lust, in freier Luft" (Gefangene) (1805 version)
00:06:22

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Florian Feth, Soloist, MainArtist - Julian Popken, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

2
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: „Nun sprecht, wie ging's?" (Leonore, Rocco) (1805 version)
00:04:27

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

3
Leonore, Op. 72a, Zweiter Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt: „Ach, Vater, eilt!" (Marzelline, Rocco, Jaquino, Leonore, Pizarro, Chor der Wachen) (1805 version)
00:04:50

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - Johannes Weisser, Soloist, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist - Zürcher Sing-Akademie, Choir, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

4
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Erster Auftritt: Nr. 13. Introduction und Arie „Gott! Welch Dunkel hier!" (Florestan) (1805 version)
00:09:41

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Maximilian Schmitt, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

5
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt: Nr. 14. Melodram und Duett „Eiskalt ist es hier!" (Leonore, Rocco) (1805 version)
00:05:34

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

6
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt: Dial. 15 „Er macht die Augen auf!" (Leonore, Rocco, Florestan) (1805 version)
00:02:48

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Maximilian Schmitt, Soloist, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

7
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt: Nr. 15. Terzett „Euch were Lohn in bessern Welten" (Florestan, Rocco, Leonore) (1805 version)
00:05:14

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Maximilian Schmitt, Soloist, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

8
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Zweiter Auftritt - Dritter Auftritt: Dial. 16 „Alles ist bereit" (Rocco, Leonore, Florestan) - „Ist alles bereit?" (Pizarro, Rocco) (1805 version)
00:01:01

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Johannes Weisser, Soloist, MainArtist - Maximilian Schmitt, Soloist, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

9
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Dritter Auftritt - Vierter Auftritt: Nr. 16. Quartett „Er sterbe!" (Pizarro...) - Dial. 17 „Folge mir Rocco!" (Pizarro...) - „Die Waffe hab' ich mir nehmen lassen" (Leonore) (1805 version)
00:05:13

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Johannes Weisser, Soloist, MainArtist - Maximilian Schmitt, Soloist, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

10
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Vierter Auftritt: Nr. 17. Recitativ und Duett „Ich kann mich noch nicht fassen" (Florestan, Leonore) (1805 version)
00:08:59

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Maximilian Schmitt, Soloist, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

11
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Vierter Auftritt: Dial. 18. „Durch welches Wunder gelang es dir" (Florestan, Leonore) (1805 version)
00:00:27

Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Maximilian Schmitt, Soloist, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

12
Leonore, Op. 72a, Dritter Aufzug, Vierter Auftritt - Letzter Auftritt: Nr. 18. Finale „Zur Rache, wir müssen ihn seh'n!" (Chor) - „Zur Rache, zur Rache!" (Chor, Rocco, Florestan, Leonore, Fernando, Jaquino, Marzelline) (1805 version)
00:15:13

Johannes Chum, Soloist, MainArtist - Ludwig van Beethoven, Composer - Copyright Control, MusicPublisher - René Jacobs, Conductor, MainArtist - Freiburger Barockorchester, Orchestra, MainArtist - Maximilian Schmitt, Soloist, MainArtist - Marlis Petersen, Soloist, MainArtist - Robin Johannsen, Soloist, MainArtist - Tareq Nazmi, Soloist, MainArtist - Dimitry Ivashchenko, Soloist, MainArtist

2019 harmonia mundi 2019 harmonia mundi

Album Description

Created in 1804 in Vienna before an audience of French officers, none of whom understood any German, Beethoven’s only opera, Leonore, was not successful. Based on a true story which took place during the Reign of Terror of the French Revolution -- the story of an intrepid young woman who dresses up as a man in an attempt to rescue her husband, a victim of arbitrary arrest and imprisoned in a dark cell -- Beethoven took his inspiration from several sources. The story, very in keeping with the troubled times, was indeed put to music in 1798 by the French composer Pierre Gaveaux from a libretto by Nicolas Bouilly, then again a little while later in Italian, in 1804 in a smaller-scale work by Ferdinando Paër. The Italian-German composer Simon Mayr then created a “sentimental farce” in Padua not long after Beethoven’s Leonore.

Having dreamed of a tragically utopian level of universal human fraternity his whole life, as well as the image of a couple whose relationship is ideally based on marriage and loyalty, Beethoven had found a story which perfectly corresponded to his own political opinions, formed as a result of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution (before the emergence of Napoleon’s power). We now know that he reworked this lyrical work twice, turning it into the format we know it as today with its new name Fidelio.

For René Jacobs, the original 1804 version is preferable to the successive amendments and deletions which were made. And we can’t blame him for this, his new recording highlighting all the beauty and modernity of this unfortunately destined first version of Leonore. In 1804, Beethoven has all his resources at his disposal: it’s the year of the Eroica symphony and the Appassionata sonata. By means of his directorial verve, his acute sense of theatrics and a distinguishably well-chosen cast, René Jacobs does this original version of Leonore justice in all its wonder, with all the delights which Beethoven, worried about being portrayed at the opera, ruthlessly scored from his work. © François Hudry/Qobuz

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